♔ COMPARATIVE & SUPERLATIVE

General Rule:

In English, when we compare two things or two people, we often use the comparative forms of adjectives or adverbs, for example:

My car is faster than my friend's car.

When we compare more than two things, we often use the superlative forms, for example:

This car is the fastest car in the world.

The Comparative Form :

The comparative form is made by adding -er to the short adjectives or more before the long adjectives and then add than.Examples:

  • He's much more intelligent than his sister.
  • A bicycle is cheaper than a car.

The Superlative Form :

The superlative form is made by adding the before the adjective then -est or the most before the long adjective.Examples:

  • Oxford and Cambridge are the oldest universities in Britain.
  • This is the most delicious meal I have ever eaten!

 

Forming the Comparative or Superlative :

How these forms are created depends on how many syllables there are in the adjective. For instance, "run" contains one syllable, but "running" contains two: run and ing.

Here are the rules:

 

ADJECTIVE FORMCOMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
One-syllable adjectives. Ex: old, fast Add -ER: older, faster.Add -EST: oldest , fastest
Only one syllable, with one vowel and one consonant at the end. [CVC] Ex: big, fat They double the consonant, and add - ER -ER: bigger, fatter. They double the consonant, and add -EST: biggest, fattest
One syllable, ending in E. Ex: fine, wide Just add -R: finer, wider. Add -ST: finest, widest.
Two syllables, ending in Y. Ex: funny, easy Change Y to I , then add -ER: funnier, easier.Change Y to I , then add -EST: funniest, easiest.
Two syllables or more. Ex: boring, interesting Use MORE before the adjective: more boring, more interesting. Use MOST before the adjective: most boring, most interesting.

 

Some comparatives and superlatives have irregular forms :

 

ADJECTIVESCOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVE
GOOD BETTER THAN THE BEST
WELLBETTER THAN BETTER THAN
BADWORSE THAN THE WORST
FARFARTHER / FURTHER THAN THE FARTHEST / FURTHEST
LITTLELESS THAN THE LEAST
MANYMORE THAN THE MOST

 

After reading this lesson you may want to do some exercises, then click HERE.

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