♔ THE PRESENT SIMPLE

key_small  1. THE FORM:

 

Example with the verb    TO WORK

 

AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEQUESTION
I WORK I DON'T WORK DO I WORK ?
YOU WORK YOU DON'T WORK DO YOU WORK ?
HE WORKS HE DOESN'T WORK DOES HE WORK ?
SHE WORKS SHE DOESN'T WORK DOES SHE WORK ?
IT WORKS IT DOESN'T WORK DOES IT WORK ?
WE WORK WE DON'T WORK DO WE WORK ?
YOU WORK YOU DON'T WORK DO YOU WORK ?
THEY WORK THEY DON'T WORK DO THEY WORK ?

 

These words help a written piece to flow more smoothly.  Let's take a look at an example. You will be able to see how they work. The first example is lacking a transition word, and the second example has one.

 

Amanda spent a long day working at the school and cooking dinner for her family. She had a large cup of coffee.

 

Amanda spent a long day working at the school and then cooking dinner for her family. Therefore, she had a large cup of coffee.

 

 

2. THE SPELLING RULES:

 

A)  Add   -s   for most verbs with the third person singular (he/she/it)

 

I learn - he learns

 

I buy -  he buys,  I ride - he  rides,  I return -  he returns

 

B)  Add   -es   for verbs that end in –ch, -s , -sh, -x, or –z  with the third person singular (he/she/it)

 

They wash - she washes

 

I pass -  he passes,  I  rush - he rushes,   I  relax - he  relaxes

 

C)  Verbs ending in consonant + y  get   -ies  with the third person singular.

 

I try - he tries

but do not change the –y when the base form ends in a vowel +y.  Just add –s

I play - he plays

I enjoy - he enjoys

 

D)  A few verbs have irregular forms.

 

be - is,   do - does,   go- goes,   have - has

 

3. THE USES:

 

- Actions which happen regularly:

I often go to the cinema

She always works from nine to five

 

- Something which is always true:

The City (The Square Mile) is the financial centre of London

One litre of water weighs one kilogram

 

- With state verbs (verbs which do not express an activity but a state).

State verbs can be divided into three groups:

 

Sense Verbs:  to hear, to feel, to see, etc.

Mind Verbs:  to believe, to doubt, to fear, etc.

Emotion Verbs:  to like, to love, to want, etc.

 

I feel as if I haven't slept for a week.

I believe Sarah is jealous.

I like short and effective meetings.

 

- For orders, commands, instructions, invitations, suggestion (= the imperative)

Send this fax to Mr Jones as soon as you can.

Don't talk during the speech.

Give my regards to your wife.

 

- To refer to fixed events in the future.

For example: future programmes, schedules, timetables:

Flight BA704 departs at 07.30.

My train leaves at 4.15.

 

 

Now you may want to do some exercises, so just click HERE.

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