key_smallLinking words and phrases are used to show relationships between ideas.  They can be used to join 2 or more sentences or clauses (a clause is a group of words which contains a subject and a verb). Sentences can be joined using conjunctions which introduce clauses such as timereasonpurposecondition and contrast.


You can print off this page to keep as a reference of useful linking words and phrases.


You'll find below a list of words and phrases that can be used. The list is not exhaustive, and BE CAREFUL: although grouped together, none is totally synonymous. Their position in the sentence can also vary; this is where your reading and dictionary come in.


again after all correspondingly accordingly after all after a short time as follows first in brief
also although true equally consequently although true after a while for example second in conclusion
and but in a like manner hense and yet afterward for instance third in a nutshell
and then despite (+ noun) in the same way then at the same time at last incidentally finally in short
besides for all that likewise therefore granted at length indeed then on the whole
equally important however similarly thus naturally hereupon (formal) in fact last overall
further in contrast also as a result of course lately in other words next therefore
furthermore in spite of (+ noun) like thereby (+ ing) even though presently in particular among to conclude
in addition nevertheless just as so still recently namely other to summarize
likewise notwithstanding just like because of this/that perhaps shortly particularly firstly tu sum up
moreover on the contrary in that case however since then specifically secondly
too on the other hand under these circumstances nevertheless temporarily that is thirdly
still then
yet thereafter (formal)


These words help a written piece to flow more smoothly. Let's take a look at an example. You will be able to see how they work. The first example is lacking a transition word, and the second example has one.


Amanda spent a long day working at the school and cooking dinner for her family. She decided to have a large cup of coffee.


Amanda spent a long day working at the school and then cooking dinner for her family. Therefore, she decided to have a large cup of coffee.